In 2021, there have been an approximated 2.3 million immigrants coming to the EU from non-EU countries and about 1.1 million persons from the EU who emigrated to a nation outside the house the EU.
Info present an crucial raise in contrast with 2020 when an approximated 1.9 million immigrants to the EU from non-EU nations around the world and about 956 thousand men and women emigrated from the EU to a place exterior the EU. In addition, 1.4 million people today previously residing in a single EU place migrated to a further EU member in 2021 (1.2 million in 2020).
This data comes from facts on migrant and migrant inhabitants posted by Eurostat nowadays. This short article offers a assortment of results from the much more in-depth Studies Defined write-up.
Source datasets: migr_imm1ctz and migr_pop1ctz
In 2021, there was an approximated 5 immigrants per 1 000 people in the EU. Relative to the dimensions of the resident population, Luxembourg recorded the best amount of immigration in 2021 (nearly 40 immigrants for each 1 000 people today), followed by Malta (35) and Cyprus (27). In distinction, Slovakia registered the least expensive fee of immigration, with 1 immigrant per 1 000 folks. This state was followed by Portugal and France, just about every with 5 immigrants for every 1 000 people today.
On 1 January 2022, just about 50 percent (49.4%) of the populace in Luxembourg was international-born. This EU region was followed by Malta (23.6%) and Cyprus (22.7%) as the EU customers with the optimum shares of foreign-born population. In distinction, the cheapest shares have been recorded in Romania (1.7%), Poland (2.5%) and Bulgaria (3.2%).
In absolute conditions, the most important populations of overseas-born citizens (from other EU members and non-EU nations) ended up registered in Germany (15.3 million individuals), France (8.7 million) and Spain (7.4 million).
Resource dataset: migr_pop3ctb
In relative phrases, Luxembourg had by far the most important group of citizens born in an additional EU region, 33.8%, adopted by Cyprus with 10.6% and Austria with 9.3%. Belgium and Malta also registered large shares of citizens born in other EU international locations, with 7.9% each and every.
Poland and Lithuania, on the other hand, had the smallest shares of citizens born in other EU international locations, with only .6% every single. Bulgaria and Romania also recorded very low values, with 1.% each and every.
When it comes to citizens born in non-EU countries, the greatest shares were recorded in Malta (15.7%), closely followed by Luxembourg (15.6%). These two EU members were adopted by Sweden (14.9%), Estonia (13.1%) and Cyprus (12.2%). Registering the most affordable shares of non-EU-born citizens were Romania (.7%), Slovakia (1.%), Poland (1.9%), Bulgaria (2.2%) and Hungary (2.9%).
In comparison with 2021 (in complete conditions), 13 EU users saw the variety of citizens born in non-EU international locations and in EU nations both of those increase in 2022 (Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, Estonia, Eire, Luxembourg, Hungary, Malta, Netherlands, Austria, Slovakia, Finland and Sweden), even though 5 users observed the opposite pattern with the variety of both individuals teams of citizens decreasing (Czechia, Greece, Italy, Latvia and Romania).
Some other attention-grabbing tendencies had been noticed: in Germany, France, Spain, Cyprus, Lithuania, Poland and Slovenia, the selection of non-EU-born citizens amplified though the quantity of citizens born in other EU countries lowered. The opposite was registered in Croatia (to a extremely modest degree) and Portugal, where the quantity of citizens born in other EU nations around the world amplified, but the non-EU overseas-born populace lessened.